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Florida Spanish Moss

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Growing Spanish Moss ...by seed or by division

Spanish moss is a native, perennial epiphytic herb.  It is not Spanish, nor a moss, but a flowering plant.  The slender, wiry, long, branching stems (reaching over 20ft) grow as suspended, bluish-gray streamers and garlands draping among tree branches and sometimes telephone lines and fences.  The plant is not parasitic, as is often thought, but attaches itself to trees for support. 

The plant has no roots but derives its nutrients from rainfall, detritus and airborne dust.; the stems and leaves are covered with overlapping silver-gray scales, which are important for absorbing water and trapping dust and nutrient particles.  The very narrow, linear, awl-shaped leaves (1 to 3 inches long) are whitish gray.  Numerous, small, solitary blue or pale green flowers with three petals (6 to 8 mm long) grow in the axils of the leaves.  The flowers, which bloom for a period of three to four months from spring to fall, form interesting seeds (2.4 to 3 mm) with hairy sails that float on the wind and stick to tree branches.;


spanishmoss flower

Habitat

Spanish moss grows on trees in areas of high humidity.  It can be found on live oak and pines that border estuaries, rivers, swamps, and along the coastal plains of the Southeastern United States.

Establishment

Spanish moss may be propagated by seed or by division.  The plants are very easy to grow, as they need no soil or transplanting, requiring only warmth and moisture.  They are grown in greenhouses or outside in warm climates.  The plants need temperature of 70 degrees or warmer in the summer and not less than 60 degrees in the winter.  The plants grow well in full sunlight to partial shade.  To propagate by division, place divided plantlets on bark slabs in areas with plenty of light and moisture.  A weekly misting is sufficient to meet the nutritional needs with an occasional addition of diluted fish emulsion. Spanish moss rarely blooms in cultivation.

In Nature

In nature, most new Spanish moss plants sprout from a seed. The tiny, green flowers produce a brown seed pod that splits open at maturity. The seeds inside are equipped with feathery parachutes that enables them to float like dandelion seeds to branches, tree trunks or other objects where they grow. Birds and wind carrying strands of spanish moss to new locations where they grow into new plants.

Management

Although Spanish moss does not take nutrients from the host tree, it should be thinned if it becomes too thick.  This is because it may either shade the tree's leaves or, when it is wet it can become very heavy and the branches may break under its weight.
Source: USDA

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Growing Summary

Active Growth: Spring, Summer
Growth Rate: Slow
Ideal Habitat: High Humidity. Close to bodies of water.

Ideal Temperature: Summer: 70 degrees or warmer.
Winter: 60 degrees. Minimum 22 degrees.
Requires a minimum of 300 frost free days

Orientation: Hanging so that most of the plant is free floating.

Source of Nutrients: Rainfall, decayed debris and airborne dust

Shade: Partial or Full Sun

Watering: Mist plants weekly with lukewarm water with an occasional addition of diluted fish emulsion.

Blooms: Spanish moss rarely blooms in cultivation.

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